Eruption and Shedding Schedule of Baby teeth
Dental Health is the right of each and every child!
The parents and the dentist/pediatric dentist have to share the responsibility of delivering good preventive and therapeutic care to children. The dental care is a continuous process, which starts in the womb (in expectant mothers) and continues lifelong! The entail manage of children starts with the education, counseling, and preparation of parents prior to the actual dental treatment. Good communication is key to the successful management of children.
Who is a pediatric dentist?
Most families have a pediatrician who looks after their children’s overall health, but not everyone takes their child to see a pediatric dentist. Like a pediatrician, a pediatric dentist specializes in the oral health of children and teenagers. A pediatric dentist has at least two additional years of training beyond dental school. The emphasis in pediatric practice is laid on early detection and treatment of problems affecting children, an interception for irregularities observed during the growth and alignment of teeth and also prevention of dental decay. Pediatric dentists have extensive and unique experience in talking with children, dealing with their emotions, and easing their fears. Part of the training process actually involves working in hospitals with children and dealing with extreme dental cases, so no challenge is too big for a pediatric dentist.
What are Sealants?
are resins or plastic materials that are usually applied on to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth i.e. molars and premolars. These materials flow into the natural grooves and pits, and seal them, thus protecting these susceptible areas from decay. Professional fluoride applications at regular intervals help strengthen tooth enamel against cavities.
How are decayed teeth treated? Why is a root canal procedure necessary?
Decay can be caused due to a multitude of reasons such as improper maintenance, tooth position, diet habits, etc. Once decayed the tooth can be treated using suitable filling material to replace the lost portion of the tooth. If the tooth has extensive damage, a root canal treatment and/or a crown may be advised. Sometimes if the tooth is not salvageable an extraction may be advised.
What is a space maintainer?
These are devices used to maintain the space of a prematurely lost or extracted primary tooth until its permanent tooth is ready for eruption in its place.
Do injured milk teeth require treatment?
Injuries or trauma to teeth, mouth, and face of infants and children occur frequently and should not be ignored even in the absence of pain or bleeding. Early observation and treatment of such injuries determine the success of treatment rendered to a great extent.
My child has hurt her gums and teeth during play. How can I give first aid?
Apply pressure to the area (if it's bleeding) with a piece of cold, wet gauze. ...
Offer an ice pop to suck on to reduce swelling, or hold an ice-pack wrapped in a washcloth to the cheek. Give Paracetamol as needed for pain. A pediatric dental consultation will help determine the extent of injury and the need for further care.
Most people are familiar with traditional orthodontic care that straightens teeth using braces or other corrective devices. However, this kind of Orthodontia only addresses the symptoms of improper bite alignment but not the underlying problem. Children, in particular, need to be evaluated early for potential orthodontic issues in order to minimize the need for more extensive correction later. Interceptive orthodontic care can address potential problems in childhood to prevent them from becoming dire problems in adulthood.
Ending Bad Habits
Habits that affect the growth of teeth and the alignment of the jaw are developed early in life. Thumb sucking, the use of pacifiers and manufactured nipples, thrusting the tongue into the front teeth while swallowing, and breathing out of the mouth can have serious future consequences, dentally-speaking. Part of interceptive orthodontics includes teaching children to end these mouth-altering habits with habit-breaking devices. While it's not always possible to stop a problem from occurring, taking your child in for early evaluation and interceptive orthodontic treatment can stop malocclusion dead in its tracks, avoiding invasive, expensive curative treatments in the future.
Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is a medical condition that occurs at birth that affects the range and function of the tongue. A thicker than usual tissue called lingual frenulum connects the tongue’s underside to the floor of the mouth. The tongue cannot move easily, and it affects breastfeeding too. If left untreated into childhood, it will affect a tongue-tied baby and its ability to eat, speak, and swallow.
Here are a few symptoms of tongue-tie that you can look out for in your baby. These are:
Your baby might have difficulty in lifting her tongue to the roof of her mouth or even side to side.
Your baby might not be able to stick the tongue out.
When the tongue is stuck out, it might appear heart-shaped or even notched.
When you are breastfeeding your baby, other signs of tongue-tie may be visible. They are:
Inability to stay attached to the nipple for the full feed
Feed for a long time with short breaks
Not gaining the right amount of weight
The only way to correct tongue tie is via surgery. There are two types of tongue-tie surgery – Frenuloplasty and Frenotomy.
Frenotomy is the simpler of the two procedures and can be carried out in the doctor’s office with or without anesthesia. After examining the frenulum, the doctor will use a pair of sterile scissors to snip the frenulum. Since there are very few nerve endings and blood vessels in that area, there will be little to no pain and not too much bleeding either. After the procedure, your baby can breastfeed immediately. There are very few complications that can arise from this procedure and it is extremely safe.
A Frenuloplasty is a more extensive procedure that is carried out under general anesthesia. It is done in cases where the frenulum is thick or if additional repair is required. After the frenulum is cut, sutures are used to close the wound. The sutures are absorbed on their own as the tongue heals.
Dentistry for the child and Adolescent
Advanced Care for Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies